The Physical Society of Japan（JPS） has a membership of about 17,000, including research scientists, engineers, teachers, students and citizens, inside and outside of Japan. Its chief objectives are to publish the research output of latest achievement of physics and to hold Annual Meetings to promote members' research activities. As of 2015, 41% of the JPS members are working in universities, 11% in private corporations, 11% in public research institutes. and 16% of the members are graduate and undergraduate students..
Establishment of the Predecessor
The JPS is the direct successor of the Tokyo Mathematics Company which was founded as Japan's first academic society of natural sciences, in 1877. Its name was changed to the Tokyo Mathematico-Physical Society in 1884 and then to the Physico-Mathematical Society of Japan in 1919. In addition to being one of the global forerunners of such academic societies, the Mathematics and Physics Journal had been published in a European language from its fourth volume (1888-1891), demonstrating the earliest members' strong international orientation. With such vision and the fruits of research that it conveyed to the wider audience, it is no exaggeration to say that the Tokyo Mathematics Company was one of the leading agencies of Japanese modernization.
Start of the JPS
After the World War II, the Physico-Mathematical Society of Japan dissolved itself, and two new societies, the Physical Society of Japan (JPS) and the Mathematical Society of Japan were established in 1946. Although the Societies and indeed the entire natural science community suffered from an unfriendly research environment before and during the War, its members continued to conduct world-class, cutting edge research, resulting in the awarding of the Nobel Prize in Physics to Hideki Yukawa in 1949 and Shin'ichiro Tomonaga in 1965. Such happy news created a science fever among the Japanese nation who was still struggling to recover from the devastations of the War, leading many young students to the field of physics. The resulting increase in the number of scientists and the generally friendly atmosphere towards scientific research greatly has contributed to the process of rapid reconstruction and growth of the Japanese economy, which would have been impossible without an expanded knowledge base.
The JPS of Today
Today as of 2016, the JPS has about 17,000 members, and 11 members awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics and 2 members in Chemistry. It is among the core institutions of physics research in Japan, which is among the world's leading nations in the field. With newly industrializing countries emerging also as research centers, there is high expectation in these countries and beyond on the positive role that JPS can play in their development. Now the JPS has signed agreements with its many oversea counterparts (totally 11 societies) so that members of each body could participate in other bodies and enjoy the rights and privileges of those bodies..
Contribution to operation of Association of Asia Pacific Physical Societies (AAPPS) is now important activity of the JPS. Recently, the need for cooperation and/or collaboration among Asian physicists has increased substantially in many fields of physics, primarily because Asian contribution to physics is now extremely important and globally visible. Therefore, to establish AAPPS as a true union for all Physical Societies in the Asian and Pacific regions is essentially important for the future of world physics community.
The JPS discusses the direction for the education of physics to be taken, and on the basis of those discussions it makes recommendations and requests to relevant institutions and government agencies. It also organizes international conferences, exchanges information and cooperates with physics societies abroad as well as with international academic bodies and research institutes. The JPS thus plays an important role in the development and progress of physics both domestically and internationally.
Journals of the JPS
The JPS monthly publishes Nihon Butsuri Gakkai-shi(Butsuri) in Japanese to provide information on developments in physics and the physics community to its members. Also, the JPS publishes the journal Daigaku-no-Butsuri Kyoiku (Physics Education in University) in Japanese three times a year to facilitate members' exchange of information on the subject.
One of its academic publication is the monthly Journal of the Physical Society of Japan(JPSJ), which reports research results in all fields of physics, with strong submissions in condensed matter physics and statistical physics. Every month, remarkable papers are selected from among the latest papers by the Editorial Board and posted as Papers of Editors' Choice on the homepage. The background and impact of certain researches are discussed by experts in the News and Comments column. This is useful for readers who are interested in recent developments in physics.
As another academic publication, the JPS launched a new international journal, Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (PTEP). PTEP is an interdisciplinary journal that publishes articles on theoretical and experimental physics. PTEP is the successor to Progress of Theoretical Physics (PTP) , which was terminated in December 2012 and was merged into PTEP in January 2013. PTEP is a fully open access, online-only journal.
In addition, the JPS launched a new full open access journal, JPS Conference Proceedings (JPS Conf. Proc.) in 2014. It provides a fast publication of proceedings of an international conference, workshop, summer school or symposium, consisting of peer-reviewed articles.
Those journals are published in Publication Center for Pure and Applied Physics, which is created in cooperation with the Japan Society of Applied Physics(JSAP).
The Physical Society of Japan (JPS) organizes two major academic meetings in spring and fall each year over a period of four days, where the members gather to present their research results and make discussions.
Annual Meeting is held once a year (usually in spring) for all the fields of physics. The Fall Meeting (when the Annual Meeting is held in fall, there is a Spring Meeting) is held at two different venues, one covering the fields of condensed matter physics and other fields, and the other covering the fields of elementary particle physics, nuclear physics, cosmic rays/astrophysics, and beam physics. At each meeting, as many as 5,000 researchers and students participate, and about 4,000 presentations are performed. Number of presentations in each division in the JPS Annual Meeting in March 2016 is shown below.
Education and Publicity
General enlightenment and contribution to the field of education are important components of JPS activity.
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